2001 Waka for Japan 2001
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Ise

Little is known of this poet - even her dates are uncertain (?877-?940) - beyond the fact that she wrote passionate and witty poetry, and has a number of poems in the Kokinshû, later imperial anthologies and produced her own collection of poetry, the Ise Shû, 'Ise Collection'. Sources suggest that she was the daughter of Fujiwara no Tsugukage, who held among other positions that of Governor of Ise, from whence she takes her name. Tsugukage was the grandson of Fujiwara no Manatsu (藤原真夏)(774-830), the elder brother of Fujiwara no Fuyutsugu (藤原冬嗣 )(775-826), who had held the position of Minster of the Left. By Tsugukage's time, however, his branch of the Fujiwara family had declined in status, becoming mainly known for its scholarly achievements and rising no higher in the court hierarchy than the position of provincial governor.

Ise herself entered the service of Fujiwara no Atsuko (藤原温子)(Onshi), the consort of Emperor Uda (867-931; r. 887-897), at about the age of 15, where she caught the eye of Atsuko's younger brother, Fujiwara no Nakahira (藤原仲平)(875-945) and had a relationship with him. He, however, eventually decided to marry elsewhere and abandoned her, after which she was courted by his elder brother, Tokihira (時平), whom she rejected. She is then reputed to have borne a son to Uda, though the child died in infancy. After Atsuko's death in 907, Ise remained in service to her daughter, Princess Kinshi (均子内親王), who had become consort to an imperial prince, Prince Atsuyoshi (敦慶親王) and, while living in the Prince's house, bore him a daughter, around 912. As far as we know, she remained in the Prince's household after his death in 930, when he was 44, and Ise about 56.

She is the most highly regarded woman poet in the Kokinshû, as is evidenced by the large number of poems she has included in it, and it appears that her contemporaries regarded her as at least equal in ability to Ki no Tsurayuki.

Together with Ono no Komachi, she is one of the premier woman poets of the early classical canon.

In the Japan 2001 Waka, the following poems are by Ise:

KKS III: 138
KKS XIII: 676
KKS XIV: 681
KKS XIV: 733/IS 15
KKS XIV: 741
KKS XV: 756
KKS XV: 780/IS 3
KKS XV: 791
KKS XV: 810
KKS XVII: 920
KKS XVII: 926/IS 7
KKS XVIII: 968
KKS XVIII: 990
KKS XVIII: 1000/IS 32
KKS XIX: 1051
GSS IV: 159
GSS VII: 394
GSS VIII: 459/IS 2
GSS IX: 515
GSS XII: 809/IS 13
GSS XII: 833
GSS XIII: 892
GSS XIII: 968
GSS XVIII: 1293
SIS IV: 245
SIS XV: 951
SIS XX: 1307/IS 27
IS 6
IS 8
IS 11
IS 17
IS 20
IS 23
IS 25
IS 28
IS 30
IS 33
IS 34
IS 35
IS 36

IS 37
IS 38
IS 39
IS 40
IS 41
IS 42
IS 43
IS 44
IS 45
IS 46
IS 47
IS 48
IS 49
IS 50
IS 51

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